“The role of the United Nations in ensuring international security with an emphasis upon Afghanistan”

The scientific meeting, which was held at Avicenna University. The scientific meeting, which was made and organized by the Faculty of Political Science, was held on Oct/24/2022 in the hall of Allameh Mohammad Esmail, with the presence of professors, lecturers, media and students. The program started with the recitation of the verses of the Holy Quran, and then Dr. Mohsen Rashid, the head of the Faculty of Political Sciences, had a speech. He stated that the United Nations is a collection of security organization. According to the UN Charter, the Security Council is responsible for ensuring peace in the international system. In articles 25, 39, 41 and 42 of the UN Charter, the duties and powers of the Security Council are discussed. According to Article 25 of the UN Charter, all governments are obliged to obey the decisions of the Security Council regarding peace. Based on Article 39 of the Charter, the detection and verification of threats against peace and the necessary measures for securing it are considered.

Since Afghanistan received membership in the United Nations, the Security Council and the General Assembly have issued about 50 resolutions for the rule and law, but none of these resolutions have been effective due to being in conflict with some world powers. Besides this, the conflicting interests of the internal groups have also caused the decisions of the Security Council to fail in Afghanistan.

The next speaker of the program, Dr. Mohammad Akram Arefi, made his speech that; the work of the United Nations in order to ensure international peace and security is divided into three parts:

First: The possible threat to peace, the UN advises the conflicting parties to resolve their discomfort in a peaceful manner.

Second: If the necessary recommendations are insufficient, the Security Council advises the member countries to use coercive methods, i.e. economic sanctions and political sanctions with the parties that endanger the peace.

Third: In case of insufficiency of the previous methods, the Security Council intervenes through the deterrent forces or engages with the forces that endanger international peace and security. In Afghanistan, during the last 20 years, there were two types of military forces from the international community:

  1. (NATO) North Atlantic Treaty Organization forces.

2. (ISAF). International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan, ISAF was the peacekeeping force of the United Nations, which did not have a battle duty and only had a peacekeeping duty.