Launching Ceremony of Book: Hazara in Scandinavia

The book is authored by Mohammad Reza Ziaee and published by Maqsoodi Publications and launched through a ceremony at Avicenna University with participation of lecturers and students of Avicenna University and other distinguished figures. The speakers of this ceremony were Dr. Mohammad Amin Ahmadi, Chancellor of Avicenna University and Din Mohammad Jawid, author and University Lecturer.

Dr. Mohamamd Amin Ahmadi, the first speaker of the event.

Dr. Mohammad Amin showed his gratitude to Mr. Mohammad Reza Ziaee the author of the book for his unique work and congratulated publication of this book to academic society of Afghanistan, students as well as Avicenna University. He said that Mr. Ziaee is living in Sweden and beside his other responsibilities, he is coordinating and conducting all the cultural events of hazara in Europe specially in Sweden.

About the Book

The book has useful information about the Scandinavian Hazaras assessing political, cultural, economic and social lives of Hazaras living there. He pointed out that each ethnical identity needs to document all the cultural, political, social and historical characteristics to transfer all of these values to future generation. If he was not able to document the lives of Hazara who have left the country years ago and now are living in Europe, we never knew about these Hazaras and this work has created part of the history of Hazar.

Dr. Ahmadi added that going through the book we experience the living conditions of Hazar in Scondinavia and understand their situation. We know why they left Afghanistan, how they have gone there and how they are living there.

Dr. Ahmadi also mentioned that Hazara were depressed, tortured and harassed by the governments and other ethnic groups so long in history of Afghanistan. They are being tortured and collectively harassed because of their religious identity and that’s why they left the country. According to him, collective and group harassment was the main reasons for migrating Hazaras to go to Scandinavia and they were being exposed to these kinds of harassment after Abdurrahman Regime in Aghanistan. Another reason for migrating Hazaras to other countries are civil war especially Afshar tragedy, Taliban governance and even democratic governments’ behaviors were also not free of these kinds of harassment in Afghanistan. It means that Hazaras were being exposed to migration after Abdurrahman extensively.

Why they migrated to Scandinavia?

They have migrated to Scandinavia because people in those countries are free and they are not being exposed to harassment and their religious and ethnical identity is protected by the individuals as well as governments. Their governments are supporting human rights and immigrant’s rights. The book is also explaining about the current situation of Hazars in Scandinavia and what they are doing.

There are some limitations that can be improved so that we can have a better book. The sources used in the beginning of the book are not the first hand sources. But the later chapters which are the direct stories of individuals and there are not much statistics and data and the author used some interview, observations and key informant interview of individuals who live there to fill the gap and base his discussions. It should be based on data but lack of data was somehow replaced by the interviews and qualitative data which is a very good method.


There should be an analysis for each study to discuss why their lives are successful and why they are not successful in their lives. Analysis will give others a path to journey and a method to adopt in their personal and group lives.

Din Mohammad Jawid the second speaker of the event

Thanks Dr. Ahmadi who is the pride of our society and I will also go a bit in details as the book was reviewed by Dr. Ahmadi in a general manner. I will congratulate the publication of the book to the author and Maqsoodi publication.

The book has a beautiful design with 340 pages and seven chapters. The first chapter is talking about Hazars in general. In chapter two it is talking about why Hazaras left the country. In chapter three it talks about immigrants of hazaras in Scandinavia. According to Mr. Jawid, Scandinavian Hazaras are divided into three categories. First category is very conservatives and living the same way they were living in Afghanistan. They are trying to keep all the values, relationship, behaviors and bbelieves they had in Afghanistan. Second category those who are very much liberated, they left the traditional values and adopted new western values and cultures. And the third section of the migrants are those who are hanging over at the middle of these two world, kept some traditional values but adopting some western values and trying to adopt with the new lives. According to Mr. Jawid, Hazara first migrated to Scandinavia by 1960 and later another group of Hazars reached Sweden in 1976 and another group reached Norway in 1988. In another chapter it talks about the challenges of Hazaras in those countries and how they coped with these challenges.

Mr. Jawid mentioned that the author is aware of the history, Hazara were fighting against many regimes, in some, they won and in some wars they were defeated and these conflicts are the sources of migration.  These migrations and conflicts of Hazars were not being documented by researchers so in this regard the works of Mr. Ziaee is the greatest works ever had been done in the history of Hazara.  Hazaras migrated to India, Uzbekistan, iran and Pkistan and other parts of the world but not documented well.

The ceremony was ended with a dambora Nawaz who sung some traditional Hazaragi songs.