A Study about the language issue of the fourth volume of Sarajut Tawarikh
On Thursday, 11. Nov 2016, there was a great academic program about a study on language and literature of the fourth volume of Mostatab Sarajut Tawarikh in Conference Hall of Avicenna University. This program was held because of unveiling of the second edition publishing of the fourth volume of Sarajut Tawarikh in Avicenna University and Mr. Dr. Mohammad Sarwar Molaii and Mr. Ali Amiri were the speech deliverers. In this program, Mr. Ali Dehbashi, the general secretariat of Bokhara cultural magazine in Iran, was also present, in addition to diverse groups of students and cultural people.
The first lecturer of this program was Mr. Ali Amiri who delivered his speech about the title: Kateb, Persian Language and history writing. Mr. Amiri explained that the Persian prose declined after Mongolians’ assault especially after eighth century and this declination continued up to late periods. The result of this declination is the separation of connection between language and reality. If we could say that in Persian poem, the connection
between Persian language and versified literature was not separated, but in other issues, complete separation was ongoing for several centuries. Mr. Amiri showed this separation between Persian language and history and literature with mentioning examples from Tazkira Dawlat Shahi Samarqandi and Ahmad Shahi History. Mr. Amiri also added that Mr. Kateb Hazara reestablished this connection in a period of Persian Language in the late periods. Thus, Kateb is the person who reunited Persian Language with the history. He, with referring to a part of Kateb’s book, emphasized that Kateb taught history to Persian Language in its declination era.
The next speech deliverer of the program was Dr. Mohammad Sarwar Molaii, the editor of the fourth volume of Sarajut Tawarikh book, who spoke about importance of the book’s prose and its literary characteristics. Dr. Molaii denoted that Kateb was the prior of literary modernity in the country and the proclaimer of the literature’s and language’s correction. He mentioned this issue in many parts of his work. Dr. Molaii has known the balance between words and means, observance of the present’s needs, and abstention of exaggeration and abstruseness as significant characteristics of Kateb’s prose, and categorized Kateb’s works as examples of the leading and alive prose of his own era and marked his works as samples modern literatures. Mr. Molaii has mentioned that Kateb’s work is analogical-able with Firdausi’s work regarding Persian literature and added that our historians have altered most of the history to a basic trouble and also the aim of history was not clear for them and therefor they are not really succeeded in history writing. But Kateb had crossed these challenges and reunited Persian Dari Language with the history, as Mr. Amiri mentioned. Dr. Molaii has pointed to weakness of present literature in another part of his speech and told that weakness existed in contemporary prose and poems and this is solvable with classic literature’s back. He emphasized that no modernity is possible without criticizing of custom, but meanwhile no modernity is possible without custom’s back. Dr. Molaii concluded his speech with recitation of Kateb’s report on homicide event of Amir Habib Ullah Khan in Kala Gush of Laghman and mentioning of some research topics in Sarajut Tawarikh.